Microstructure evolution and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Ni75Fe25 thin films: Effects of substrate and thickness
Kaibi Amel, University of sciences and technology Houari Boumediene, BP 32 El Alia, Algiers, ALGERIAGuittoum Abderrahime, Nuclear Research Centre of Algiers, 02 Bd Frantz Fanon, BP 399, Algeria.Öksüzoğlu Ramis. Mustapha, University of Anadolu, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering,, Eskişehir İki Eylül Campus, 26555., Turkey.Yavru Can, University of Anadolu, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Eskişehir İki Eylül Campus, 26555., TurkeyÖzgün Sinan, University of Anadolu, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Eskişehir İki Eylül Campus, 26555., TurkeyBoudissa Mouhamed , ENMC Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Sétif, , Setif 19000, , Algeria.Kechouane Mouhamed , University of sciences and technology Houari Boumediene, BP 32 El Alia, Algiers, Algeria
Permalloy (Py) thin films were evaporated from nanocrystalline soft Ni75Fe25 powder onto glass and Al2O3 substrates . The thicknesses of these films range from 16 nm to 250 nm. The as deposited films were characterized by Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). From GIXRD spectra, we have shown that the films are amorphous for the thinner films. However, for the thicker films, a polycrystalline fcc structure is present. For the intermediate thicknesses, the nature of substrate determines the texture of the films. The SEM micrographs indicate that the nature of substrate influences on the morphology and grains size of Py films. From AFM observations, the nanocrystalline nature of the grains is evidenced. Hysteresis loops reveals the ferromagnetic character of Py films. We have shown that the values of coercive field, Hc, generally, decrease with increasing thickness. Moreover, the Hc values are higher for films deposited onto Al2O3 substrate than those on glass one. The nature of substrate and thickness seems to influence the magnetic properties of Py films. A correlation between these physical properties will be established and discussed.