Cd and Impurity Redistribution at the CdS/CIGS Interface after Annealing of CIGS-Based Solar Cells Resolved by Atom Probe Tomography
Koprek, A. and Cojocaru-Miredin, O. and Wuerz, R. and Freysoldt, C. and Gault, B. and Raabe, D.
IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS
Volume: 7 Pages: 313-321
Cd and impurity redistribution in the vicinity of the CdS/C(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) interface is studied by means of atom probe tomography. We find an increase of the Cd content in the CIGS layer and redistribution of O (in form of O+ and OH+) at the CdS/CIGS interface after annealing the samples at 200, 250, and 300 °C. About 0.2 at% of Na impurity is observed at the interface, across the range of heat treatments performed here. Simultaneously, the J-V measurements of the treated samples show a drop in the open-circuit voltage and fill factor, and thus of the cell efficiency, compared with the untreated sample. © 2011-2012 IEEE.