On the threshold for ion track formation in CaF2
Karlušić, M. and Ghica, C. and Negrea, R.F. and Siketić, Z. and Jakšić, M. and Schleberger, M. and Fazinić, S.
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS
Volume: 19 Pages:
There is an ongoing debate regarding the mechanism of swift heavy ion (SHI) track formation in CaF2. The objective of this study is to shed light on this important topic using a range of complementary experimental techniques. Evidence of the threshold for ion track formation being below 3 keV nm-1 is provided by both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy in the channelling mode, which has direct consequences for the validity of models describing the response of CaF2 to SHI irradiation. Furthermore, information about the elemental composition within the ion tracks is obtained using scanning TEM, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and with respect to the stoichiometry of the materials surface by in situ time of flight elastic recoil detection analysis. Advances in the analyses of the experimental data presented here pave the way for a better understanding of the ion track formation. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.