Bridging Hydride at Reduced H-Cluster Species in [FeFe]-Hydrogenases Revealed by Infrared Spectroscopy, Isotope Editing, and Quantum Chemistry
Mebs, S. and Senger, M. and Duan, J. and Wittkamp, F. and Apfel, U.-P. and Happe, T. and Winkler, M. and Stripp, S.T. and Haumann, M.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Volume: 139 Pages: 12157-12160
[FeFe]-Hydrogenases contain a H2-converting cofactor (H-cluster) in which a canonical [4Fe-4S] cluster is linked to a unique diiron site with three carbon monoxide (CO) and two cyanide (CN-) ligands (e.g., in the oxidized state, Hox). There has been much debate whether reduction and hydrogen binding may result in alternative rotamer structures of the diiron site in a single (Hred) or double (Hsred) reduced H-cluster species. We employed infrared spectro-electrochemistry and site-selective isotope editing to monitor the CO/CN- stretching vibrations in [FeFe]-hydrogenase HYDA1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Density functional theory calculations yielded vibrational modes of the diatomic ligands for conceivable H-cluster structures. Correlation analysis of experimental and computational IR spectra has facilitated an assignment of Hred and Hsred to structures with a bridging hydride at the diiron site. Pronounced ligand rotation during μH binding seems to exclude Hred and Hsred as catalytic intermediates. Only states with a conservative H-cluster geometry featuring a μCO ligand are likely involved in rapid H2 turnover. © 2017 American Chemical Society.