Highly active and selective telechelic antimicrobial poly(2-oxazoline) copolymers
Krumm, C. and Hijazi, M. and Trump, S. and Saal, S. and Richter, L. and Noschmann, G.G.F.K. and Nguyen, T.-D. and Preslikoska, K. and Moll, T. and Tiller, J.C.
POLYMER (UNITED KINGDOM)
Volume: 118 Pages: 107-115
The satellite group effect (SG) of telechelic antimicrobial polymers allows to increase or diminish the antimicrobial activity of the biocidal dodecyltrimethylammonium (DDA) group at the terminal of poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline). Such polymers show good antimicrobial activities with MIC values as low as 10 μg mL−1 against the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and moderate selectivity with respect to blood cells (HC50/MIC: 10–120). Here, we show that the systematic variation of the nature and structure of the polymer backbone of such macromolecules results in biocidal polymers that rank among the highest antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (MICS.aureus = 1–1.6 μg mL−1) and the best blood cell compatibilities (HC50/MICS.aureus = 1500–1700) known for amphiphilic antimicrobial polymers. Further, the polymers show a very high selectivity for Gram-positive bacteria (MICE.coli./MICS.aureus up to 750), which is due to the satellite group effect in combination with optimized hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance of the polymer backbone. © 2017