L1 penalization of volumetric dose objectives in optimal control of PDEs
Barnard, R.C. and Clason, C.
COMPUTATIONAL OPTIMIZATION AND APPLICATIONS
Volume: Pages: 1-19
This work is concerned with a class of PDE-constrained optimization problems that are motivated by an application in radiotherapy treatment planning. Here the primary design objective is to minimize the volume where a functional of the state violates a prescribed level, but prescribing these levels in the form of pointwise state constraints leads to infeasible problems. We therefore propose an alternative approach based on (Formula presented.) penalization of the violation that is also applicable when state constraints are infeasible. We establish well-posedness of the corresponding optimal control problem, derive first-order optimality conditions, discuss convergence of minimizers as the penalty parameter tends to infinity, and present a semismooth Newton method for their efficient numerical solution. The performance of this method for a model problem is illustrated and contrasted with an alternative approach based on (regularized) state constraints. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA)